The PEDIGREE of
Ethnic groups of N.W. Europe

________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- C-F y-Haplogroup clade (P143)   +====> [ 33]
/-- F-T y-ParaHaplogroup (P14 M89 M213)
/-- I-J-K y-ParaHaplogroup  (47,000 BC)
/-- K-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M9)  (46,500 BC )
/-- P-R y-ParaHaplogroup (M45)
/-- R y-Haplogroup (M207 M306)
/-- R1 y-Haplogroup (M173)  (28,500 BC - 23,000 BC)
/-- R1b y-Haplogroup (M343)  (20,000 BC)
/-- (NN) of prehistory
/-- C-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M168 P9)   +====> [ 32]
/-- C-F y-Haplogroup clade (P143)
/-- F-T y-ParaHaplogroup (P14 M89 M213)
/-- I-J-K y-ParaHaplogroup  (47,000 BC)
/-- I-J y-Haplogroup  (47,000 BC - 44,000 BC)
/-- I y-Haplogroup (P19 M170 M258 U179)
\-- I-P38 y-Haplogroup (old name I1)
/   | or: R1a y-Haplogroup, q.v.
- Ethnic groups of N.W. Europe
/-- prob.  H (Helena) mtdna-Haplogroup  (France 16k BC)
\-- pre-H-V mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 70k BC)
\-- L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 80k BC)
/   \-- L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup   +====> [ 31]
\-- (NN) of prehistory
/-- U (Ursula) mtdna-Haplogroup  (W Asia 55k BC)
\-- U-K mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup
/   \-- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup   +====> [ 33]
/-- (Miss) of prehistory
\-- T (European) mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- T (Tara) mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- J-T mtdna-macroHaplogroup
/   \-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup   +====> [ 34]
\-- U-T-J-K mtdna-Haplogroup mixture
/-- J (European) mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- J (Jasmine) mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- J-T mtdna-macroHaplogroup
/   \-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup   +====> [ 34]
\-- (Miss) of prehistory
\-- K (Katrine) mtdna-Haplogroup  (W Asia 50k BC)
\-- U-K mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup   +====> [ 33]
 

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