The PEDIGREE of
Class Phaeophyceae (Brown Algae)

     aka Phylum Phaeophyta

 "Child(ren)":       Order Laminariales (Kelp)   ;   Fucales (bladderwrack : gulfweed : etc.)   ;   16 other orders
________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- Class Actinobacteridae   +====> [ 48]
/-- (NN), a thermophilic Bacterium
/   | OR: (NN), a very special Archaeote   +====> [ 52]
/-- (NN), a Nucleated Cell
/  \-- (NN), a Cell Nucleus   +====> [ 52]
/-- Domain of Eukaryotes  (2100 M BC)
/  \-- Pre-Mitochondrion Bacteria   +====> [ 50]
/-- Subdomain Bikonta
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Superempire Corticata
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Kingdom Chromalveolata
| OR: Kingdom Chromalveolata (Eight Kingdom Model)   +====> [ 45]
/-- Empire of Archaeplastida   +====> [ 57]
/   | OR: Kingdom of Archaeplastida (Eight Kingdom Model)   +====> [ 45]
/-- Superkingdom of Metabionta
/   | or: poss. Clade of Excavata and Rhodophyta
/-- Phylum Rhodophyta (Red Algae)
/-- Class Cyanidiophyceae (primitive red algae)
/  \-- Red plastid
/-- Subkingdom S.A.R. (Stramenopiles & Alveolates & Rhizaria)
/-- Division Heterokontophyta (Diatoms, Brown Algae, Golden Algae, etc.)
/-- Subdomain Bikonta   +====> [ 55]
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Superempire Corticata
/-- Empire of Archaeplastida
| OR: Kingdom of Archaeplastida (Eight Kingdom Model)   +====> [ 45]
/  \-- Chloroplastid   +====> [ 47]
/-- Superkingdom of Metabionta
/   | or: poss. Clade of Excavata and Rhodophyta
/-- Phylum Rhodophyta (Red Algae)
/-- Class Cyanidiophyceae (primitive red algae)
/  \-- Red plastid
- Class Phaeophyceae (Brown Algae)
 

 
  ``2-Great Grandchild:''       Pacific Giant Kelp
 

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