The PEDIGREE of
Division Pteridophyta (Ferns & Horsetails)

     aka Infraphylum Monilophyta, Polypodiophyta, Filicophyta

 "Child(ren)":       Class Polypodiopsida (Leptosporangiate ferns)   ;   Psilotales (whisk ferns : adders'-tongues) & Ophioglossales (grapeferns : moonworts : etc.)   ;   Marattiopsida (Christensenia etc.)   ;   Equisetopsida (horsetails)   ;   Cladoxylopsida (extinct ancestor of ferns & horsetails)   ;   other extinct phyla   ;   12000 extant species altogether
________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- Superphylum Endobacteria   +====> [ 46]
/   | OR: Subkingdom Terrabacteria   +====> [ 45]
/-- Phylum Actinobacteria
/-- Class Actinobacteridae
/-- (NN), a thermophilic Bacterium
/   | OR: (NN), a very special Archaeote   +====> [ 52]
/-- (NN), a Nucleated Cell
/  \-- (NN), a Cell Nucleus   +====> [ 52]
/-- Domain of Eukaryotes  (2100 M BC)
/-- Order Rickettsiales   +====> [ 49]
/  \-- Pre-Mitochondrion Bacteria
/-- Subdomain Bikonta
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Superempire Corticata
/-- Empire of Archaeplastida
| OR: Kingdom of Archaeplastida (Eight Kingdom Model)   +====> [ 45]
/-- Earlier life (Based on RNA)   +====> [ 40]
/-- Earlier Life (Based on RNA and Protein)
/-- Last Universal Ancestor of Present Life
/-- Proto-Bacteria (Traditional Model)
/-- Glycobacteria (Traditional Model)
/   | OR: Subkingdom Terrabacteria (Terra-Hydro Model)   +====> [ 45]
/-- Phylum of Cyanobacteria  (3000 M BC)
/  \-- Chloroplastid
/-- Superkingdom of Metabionta
/-- Kingdom of Viridiplantae (Green Plants)
/-- Subkingdom of Streptophyta (Land plants)
/-- Branch of Stomatophytes  (475 M BC)
/-- Infrakingdom of Tracheophytes (Vascular Plants)
/-- Subphylum Euphyllophytina (Ferns & Seed Plants)
/  
- Division Pteridophyta (Ferns & Horsetails)
 

 
  ``2-Great Grandchild:''       Genus Cyathea (Tree ferns)
 
  ``5-Great Grandchild:''       Norfolk tree fern
 

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FabPed Genealogy Vers. 89   ©   Jamie, 1997-2018