The PEDIGREE of
Ethnic groups of South Africa

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- A0-T y-Haplogroup   +====> [ 29]
/-- A1 y-Haplogroup  (131,400 BC)
/-- A1b y-Haplogroup  (128,700 BC)
/-- BT y-Haplogroup
/-- CT y-Haplogroup  (Yemen? 66,500 BC)
/-- DE y-Haplogroup (M145)  (63,200 BC)
/-- E y-Haplogroup (P2 M35 or M40 M96)  (51,100 BC)
/-- E3 y-Haplogroup (Sry4065 M96 P29)
/-- E3a y-Haplogroup (P2 M2 P1)  (Cameroon ca 2000 BC)
\-- prob.  Iron Age in East Mediterranean  (1100? BC - ?)
| ( some missing generations)
/-- Metal smelting   +====> [ 2]
/-- Copper Metallurgy Stage 4
/  \-- Copper Metallurgy Stage 3   +====> [ 2]
/-- Bronze Age in Anatolia
\-- Woman of the Late Copper Age
/   \-- Woman of the Middle Copper Age   +====> [ 46]
/-- Early Use of Iron
\-- Invention of Steel
/   \-- Increasing need for wood in construction and as fuel
/-- (NN) of prehistory
/-- Genus Homo (H. habilis)   +====> [ 23]
/-- Homo ergaster  (2.4 M BC - 1.5 M BC)
/-- Homo antecessor  (1.1 M BC - 0.8 M BC)
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis  (0.8 M BC - 0.2 M BC)
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/   | or: Homo heidelbergensis
/-- A00-T y-Haplogroup  (Africa 234,000 BC)
/  \-- A y-Haplogroup (M91)
- Ethnic groups of South Africa
\-- L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup
| or: (slight) L3 mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- Mitochondrial Eve
/-- Homo ergaster   +====> [ 24]
/-- Homo antecessor
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens  (120,000 BC - ?)
\-- (NN) ... (NN)
| ( many missing generations)
 

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FabPed Genealogy Vers. 83   ©   Jamie, 1997-2017