The PEDIGREE of
First Speaker of Proto-Germanic

     (details of Scandinavian prehistory are murky: perhaps Pitted Ware was pre-Germanic, with Germanic a branch of Corded Ware)

    Note: Since adjacent dialects may co-evolve for centuries, a discrete tree model is often inappropriate. There are three ways to form 2/1 clades of a 3-way branching like Common Germanic and all three (North+West = Northwest, North+East = Northeast and West+East = South) have been proposed!
 
    External page: My own explanation of why Gimbutas' theory of Indo-European origin must be true.
 
    Note: Germanic is shown with two parents because it is a hybrid of two northern I-E dialects, one each from Centum and Satem groups. Such hybrids may be unusual, but can arise when the two dialects are mutually intelligible (or nearly so). (Germanic is something of a mystery for I-E specialists; the conclusion that it is a hybrid results from recent work by Prof. Ringe.)


 "Child(ren)":       First Speaker of Early Common Germanic
______________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- First Speaker of Late Indo-Hittite   +====> [ 48]
/-- First Speaker of Indo-European Proper
/-- First Speaker of Late Indo-European
/-- First Speaker of Early Indo-Hellenic
/-- First Speaker of Late Indo-Hellenic
/-- First Speaker of Early Indo-Slavic (Satem Core)
/-- First Speaker of Late Indo-Slavic  (ca 2900 BC)
/-- First Speaker of Proto-Baltic  (ca 3000 BC)
/   | or: some other source for Creole/Koine features of Germanic
- First Speaker of Proto-Germanic
/-- First Speaker of Early Indo-Hittite   +====> [ 45]
/-- First Speaker of Indo-Hittite
/  \-- poss.  Substrate from Northwest Caucasian   +====> [ 42]
/-- First Speaker of Late Indo-Hittite
\-- Woman of the Late Copper Age
/   \-- Woman of the Middle Copper Age   +====> [ 46]
/-- First Speaker of Indo-European Proper
/-- First Speaker of Late Indo-European  (ca 3800 BC)
/-- prob.  First Speaker of Italo-Celtic  (3500 BC)
| or: Italic (q.v.)
/   | or: poss. Early Indo-Hellenic (q.v.)
\-- First Speaker of pre-Germanic  (ca 3300 BC)
/-- poss.  First Speaker of Late Eurasiatic, q.v.
/   | or: a non-Nostratic language
/-- prob.  PITTED WARE CULTURE
/-- prob.  First Speaker of Erteboelle
/   | OR: poss. First Speaker of Far-northern Berberish   +====> [ 45]
\-- First Speaker of Funnel-Beaker
/-- Man of the SOLUTREAN TOOLKIT   +====> [ 36]
/-- Man of the MAGDALENIAN TOOLKIT
/   | or: AHRENSBURG CULTURE
/-- Man of the MAGELMOSE TOOLKIT
/-- Man of KONGEMOSE CULTURE
\-- woman of ERTEBOELLE CULTURE
 

 
  ``2-Great Grandchildren:''       First Speaker of Gothic   ;   First Speaker of Suevic   ;   Woman of OKSYWIE CULTURE   ;   First Speaker of Old Low Germanic   ;   First Speaker of Northern Old English   ;   First Speaker of West Scandinavian   ;   First Speaker of East Scandinavian
 

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FabPed Genealogy Vers. 100   ©   Jamie, 1997-2020