The PEDIGREE of
Former Phylum Vestimentifera (vent worms)

 
     (tube worms that live in hydrothermal vents in SYMBIOSIS with sulfide- or methane-oxidizing bacteria; formerly considered a phylum, but is now a subfamily!)

________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- Subkingdom of Metazoa   +====> [ 59]
/-- Superbranch Eumetazoa
/-- Superphylum Planulozoa
/-- Clade of Bilateria and Placozoa
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Branch Bilateria
/-- Infrakingdom (Grade) of Coelomates
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Subgrade of Protostomia
/   | or: Clade Nephrozoa
/-- Superphylum Lophotrochozoa (various phyla of worms)
/-- Supraphylum Trochozoa
/-- Phylum Annelida (Ringed Worms & kin) [recent taxonomy]
/   | or: prob. not Clade Gephyra (with Sipuncula)
/-- Class Polychaeta (Bristle worms)
/-- Subclass Sedentaria
/-- Infraclass Canalipalpata (Fan-head worms)
/-- Order Sabellida
/-- Family Siboglinidae (beard worms)
/  
- Former Phylum Vestimentifera (vent worms)
 

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FabPed Genealogy Vers. 83   ©   Jamie, 1997-2017