The PEDIGREE of
Family Betulaceae (Birches, Hornbeams, etc.)

 
     (extant genera outside Betuloideae clade together as Subfamily Coryloideae); (hazelnuts were cultivated by NEOLITHIC civilizations and earlier)

 "Child(ren)":       Subfamily Betuloideae (Birches & Alders)   ;   Carpinus (hornbeam :: 35 species)   ;   Corylus (hazels & filberts :: 16 species)   ;   Ostrya (hop-hornbeam :: 10 species)   ;   Ostryopsis (hazel-hornbeam :: 3 species)   ;   5 extinct genera
________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- Empire of Archaeplastida   +====> [ 57]
/-- Superkingdom of Metabionta
/-- Kingdom of Viridiplantae (Green Plants)
/-- Subkingdom of Streptophyta (Land plants)
/-- Branch of Stomatophytes  (475 M BC)
/-- Infrakingdom of Tracheophytes (Vascular Plants)
/-- Subphylum Euphyllophytina (Ferns & Seed Plants)
/-- Superdivision of Spermatophytes (Seed Plants)
/-- Division of Magnoliophyta (Flowering Plants)
/-- Subdivision of Mesangiospermae
/   | OR: prob. not Class Magnoliopsida   +====> [ 67]
/-- Cohort of Eudicots
/-- Infracohort Pentapetalae
/-- Subclass Rosidae
/-- Superorder Fabidae
/-- Order Fagales (Beech, Birch, etc.)
/  
- Family Betulaceae (Birches, Hornbeams, etc.)
 

 
  ``2-Great Grandchild:''       Silver Birch
 

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FabPed Genealogy Vers. 83   ©   Jamie, 1997-2017