The PEDIGREE of
(NN) of prehistory

 "Child(ren)":       Ethnic groups of South Africa
 poss. "Partner(s)":       L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   (slight) L3 mtdna-Haplogroup
______________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- A1 y-Haplogroup (P305)   +====> [ 30]
/-- A1b y-Haplogroup (P108)
/-- BT y-Haplogroup (L413)
/-- CT y-Haplogroup (M168)
/-- DE y-Haplogroup  (63,200 BC)
/-- E y-Haplogroup (E-M96)  (51,100 BC)
/-- E-P147 y-Haplogroup  (47,800 BC)
/-- E-P177 y-Haplogroup  (40,400 BC)
/-- E-V38 y-Haplogroup  (38,200 BC)
/-- E-M2 y-Haplogroup  (12,000 BC)
\-- prob.  Iron Age in East Mediterranean  (1100? BC - ?)
| ( some missing generations)
/-- poss.  Exploding Pottery
/-- Kiln-hardened Pottery
/-- Metal smelting
/-- Copper Metallurgy Stage 4
\-- Copper Metallurgy Stage 3
/   \-- Copper Metallurgy Stage 2   +====> [ 1]
/-- Bronze Age in Anatolia
\-- Woman of the Late Copper Age
\-- Woman of the Middle Copper Age
/   \-- Woman of the Early Copper Age   +====> [ 45]
/-- Early Use of Iron
\-- Invention of Steel
/   \-- Increasing need for wood in construction and as fuel
- (NN) of prehistory
/-- Australopithecus africanus   +====> [ 21]
/-- Australopithecus sediba
/   | or: poss. Australopithecus garhi
/-- Genus Homo (H. habilis)
/-- Homo ergaster  (2.4 M BC - 1.5 M BC)
/-- Homo antecessor  (1.1 M BC - 800,000 BC)
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/   | or: Homo heidelbergensis
/-- A00-T y-Haplogroup  (N.W. Africa? 234,000 BC)
\-- A y-Haplogroup (M91)
 

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FabPed Genealogy Vers. 99   ©   Jamie, 1997-2020