The PEDIGREE of
Ethnic groups of South America

________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- Homo ergaster   +====> [ 24]
/-- Homo antecessor
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens
/-- (NN) ... (NN)
/   | ( very many missing generations)
/-- Adam of Y-chromosome
/-- B-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M42 M94 M139)
/-- C-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M168 P9)
/-- C-F y-Haplogroup clade (P143)  (68,000 BC)
/-- F-T y-ParaHaplogroup (P14 M89 M213)  (48,500 BC)
/-- I-J-K y-ParaHaplogroup  (47,000 BC)
/-- K-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M9)  (46,500 BC )
/-- P-R y-ParaHaplogroup (M45)  (Central Asia 34,000 BC)
/-- Q y-Haplogroup (M242 Meh2 P36)  (32,000 BC)
/  
- Ethnic groups of South America
\-- D mtdna-Haplogroup  (Asia 55k BC)
| or: (slight) A2 mtdna-Haplogroup
| OR: C (Chochmingwu) mtdna-Haplogroup   +====> [ 34]
| or: B mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- M mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 70k BC)
\-- L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 80k BC)
\-- L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- Mitochondrial Eve
/-- Australopithecus afarensis   +====> [ 20]
/-- Australopithecus africanus
/-- Australopithecus sediba
/-- Genus Homo (H. habilis)
/-- Homo ergaster
/-- Homo antecessor
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens  (120,000 BC - ?)
\-- (NN) ... (NN)
| ( many missing generations)
 

[ Start ]
FabPed Genealogy Vers. 80   ©   Jamie, 1997-2017