The PEDIGREE of
Ethnic groups of N.W. Africa

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens   +====> [ 28]
/-- (NN) ... (NN)
/   | ( very many missing generations)
/-- Adam of Y-chromosome
/-- B-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M42 M94 M139)
/-- C-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M168 P9)
/-- D-E y-Haplogroup (M145)  (70,000 BC)
/-- E y-Haplogroup (P2 M35 or M40 M96)  (68,000 BC)
/-- E3 y-Haplogroup (Sry4065 M96 P29)
/-- E3b y-Haplogroup (M35 M215)  (prob. Somalia)
/-- (some) para-Berber man
/   | or: (slight) R or B (in Cameroon Fali)
- Ethnic groups of N.W. Africa
/-- prob.  H (Helena) mtdna-Haplogroup  (France 16k BC)
\-- pre-H-V mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 70k BC)
\-- L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 80k BC)
\-- L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup
/   \-- Mitochondrial Eve   +====> [ 30]
\-- European mixture of mtdna-Haplogroups
/-- U (Ursula) mtdna-Haplogroup  (W Asia 55k BC)
\-- U-K mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup
/   \-- L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup   +====> [ 32]
/-- (Miss) of prehistory
\-- T (European) mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- T (Tara) mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- J-T mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup
/   \-- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup   +====> [ 33]
\-- U-T-J-K mtdna-Haplogroup mixture
/-- J (European) mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- J (Jasmine) mtdna-Haplogroup
\-- J-T mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup
/   \-- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup   +====> [ 33]
\-- (Miss) of prehistory
\-- K (Katrine) mtdna-Haplogroup  (W Asia 50k BC)
\-- U-K mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup   +====> [ 32]
 

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