The PEDIGREE of
First Speaker of Afro-Khoisan

 
     (Khoisan is now regarded as polyphyletic; neither the Hadza language nor Hadza people are closely related to Khoisan languages or people)

     Born:  ca 95,000 BC


 "Child(ren)":       First Speaker of Early Pan-afroasian   ;   Khoisan (Bushman (San) : Hottentot (Khoikhoi) : Tshu-Khwe etc. : Sandawe : !Kung1)   ;   Hadza (Hatsa)
________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- Tribe Hominini (Chimpanzee)   +====> [ 14]
/-- Proto-Chimpanzee
/-- prob.  Orrorin tugenensis
/  \-- Subtribe Hominina   +====> [ 15]
/-- Ardipithecus kadabba
/-- Ardepithecus ramidus
/-- Australopithecus anamensis
/-- Australopithecus afarensis
/-- Australopithecus africanus
/-- Australopithecus sediba
/   | or: poss. Australopithecus garhi
/-- Genus Homo (H. habilis)  (2.6 M BC - 1.8 M BC)
/-- Homo ergaster  (2.4 M BC - 1.5 M BC)
/-- Homo antecessor  (1.1 M BC - 800,000 BC)
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis  (800,000 BC - 200,000 BC)
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/-- First Advanced Speaker  (ca 100,000 BC)
/  
- First Speaker of Afro-Khoisan
 

 
  (poss.) ``2-Great Grandchildren:''       Unclassifiable Western languages   ;   Unclassifiable Eastern languages   ;   First Speaker of Nilo-Saharan [Ehret Model]   ;   First Speaker of Congo-Saharan   ;   First Speaker of Congo-Nostratic   ;   First Speaker of Austric
 

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FabPed Genealogy Vers. 99   ©   Jamie, 1997-2020