The PEDIGREE of
Subphylum Vertebrata

 
     (Hagfishes were formerly combined with Lampreys into a Cyclostomata (jawless fish) superclass, but Hagfishes are no longer considered vertebrates); (early fish were ostracoderms with only a single pair of fins)

     Born:  510 M BC


 "Child(ren)":       Infraphylum Gnathostomata (Jawed Vertebrates)   ;   Hyperoartia (aka Petromyzontida :: Lampreys :: incl. Tully monster)   ;   extinct classes
________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- (NN), a Nucleated Cell   +====> [ 53]
/-- Domain of Eukaryotes
/  \-- Pre-Mitochondrion Bacteria   +====> [ 50]
/-- Superempire Unikonta
/-- Empire of Opisthokonts (Fungi & Animals)
/-- Superkingdom Holozoa
/-- Kingdom of Animals
/-- Subkingdom of Metazoa (Multicellular Animals)
/-- Superbranch Eumetazoa
/-- Superphylum Planulozoa
/-- Clade of Bilateria and Placozoa
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Branch Bilateria
/-- Infrakingdom (Grade) of Coelomates  (570 M BC)
/   | or: prob. Clade Nephrozoa
/-- Superphylum Deuterostomia (Chordates, Echinoderms, & kin)
/-- Phylum Chordata  (540 M BC - ?)
/-- Clade Craniata
/  
- Subphylum Vertebrata
 

 
  ``4-Great Grandchildren:''       Subdivision Selachii (Modern Sharks)   ;   Superorder Batoidea (Rays and Skates)   ;   Infraclass Teleostei   ;   Order Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons & Paddlefish)   ;   Subclass Tetrapodamorpha
 

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FabPed Genealogy Vers. 82   ©   Jamie, 1997-2017