The PEDIGREE of
Ethnic groups of S.E. Asia

________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- Homo antecessor   +====> [ 25]
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens
/-- (NN) ... (NN)
/   | ( very many missing generations)
/-- Adam of Y-chromosome
/-- B-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M42 M94 M139)
/-- C-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M168 P9)
/-- C-F y-Haplogroup clade (P143)  (68,000 BC)
/-- F-T y-ParaHaplogroup (P14 M89 M213)  (48,500 BC)
/-- I-J-K y-ParaHaplogroup  (47,000 BC)
/-- K-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M9)  (46,500 BC )
/-- NO y-Haplogroup (M214)  (45,500 BC)
/-- O y-Haplogroup (M175 M214)  (40,000 BC)
/-- O (East Asia) y-Haplogroup  (39,000 BC)
| or: (slight) C y-Haplogroup
/   | or: (slight) K y-Haplogroup
/  
- Ethnic groups of S.E. Asia
\-- R mtdna-Haplogroup
| OR: East Asian mixture of mtdna-Haplogroups   +====> [ 37]
\-- R mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 70k BC)
\-- L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 80k BC)
\-- L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- Mitochondrial Eve
/-- Australopithecus africanus   +====> [ 21]
/-- Australopithecus sediba
/-- Genus Homo (H. habilis)
/-- Homo ergaster
/-- Homo antecessor
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens  (120,000 BC - ?)
\-- (NN) ... (NN)
| ( many missing generations)
 

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