Hundred Greatest Mathematicians of the Past

Isaac Newton |
Archimedes |
Carl Gauss |
Leonhard Euler |
Bernhard Riemann |
Henri Poincaré |

J.-L. Lagrange |
Euclid |
David Hilbert |
G.W. Leibniz |
Alex. Grothendieck |
Pierre de Fermat |

**The Greatest
Mathematicians of the Past**

ranked in approximate order of "greatness."

To qualify, the mathematician
must be born before 1930 and his work must have
**breadth**,
**depth**, and
**historical importance**.

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At some point a longer list will become a List of Great Mathematicians
rather than a List of Great | ||||

- Bháscara (II) Áchárya
- Blaise Pascal
- Élie Cartan
- Archytas of Tarentum
- Godfrey H. Hardy
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- Stefan Banach
- Jacques Hadamard
- Giuseppe Peano
- Panini of Shalatula
- André Weil
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Einstein, Maxwell, Cardano, etc. are among the greatest applied mathematicians in history, but lack the importance as pure mathematicians to qualify for The Top 70. Nevertheless I'd want to include them in any longer list, so I've tucked these ambiguous cases into the #71-#75 slots. | ||||

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This is primarily a list of |

Click for a discussion of certain omissions. Please send me e-mail if you believe there's a major flaw in my rankings (or an error in any of the biographies). Obviously the relative ranks of, say Fibonacci and Ramanujan, will never satisfy everyone since the reasons for their "greatness" are different. I'm sure I've overlooked great mathematicians who obviously belong on this list. Please e-mail and tell me!

Biographies of the greatest mathematicians are in separate files by birth year:

- Mathematicians born before 400
- Mathematicians born 400 - 1559
- Mathematicians born 1560 - 1699
- Mathematicians born 1700 - 1799
- Mathematicians born 1800 - 1859
- Mathematicians born 1860 - 1975

(Or you can View the Complete List and Bios as a single page.)

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This page is copyrighted (©) by James Dow Allen, 1998-2020.