The PEDIGREE of
N mtdna-macroHaplogroup

     Born:  Africa 70,000 BC


 "Child(ren)":       A (Aiyana) mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   Niw mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   X (Xenia) mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   R mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   S (N1?) mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   Y mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   O
________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
- N mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 80,000 BC)
\-- L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- Mitochondrial Eve
/-- Ardepithecus ramidus   +====> [ 18]
/-- Australopithecus anamensis
/-- Australopithecus afarensis
/-- Australopithecus africanus
/-- Australopithecus sediba
/   | or: poss. Australopithecus garhi
/-- Genus Homo (H. habilis)
/-- Homo ergaster  (2.4 M BC - 1.5 M BC)
/-- Homo antecessor  (1.1 M BC - 800,000 BC)
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens  (120,000 BC - ?)
\-- (NN) ... (NN)
| ( many missing generations)
 

 
  (poss.) ``Grandchildren:''       A2 mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   (slight) I mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   P mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   B mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   U-K mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   J-T mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   pre-H-V mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   R mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   F mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   Ethnic groups of Australia   ;   Ethnic groups of Ainu (Japan)   ;   Gilyak (Nivkh) woman
 

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