The PEDIGREE of
L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup

     clading is (L3 (M* (M (C Z) D G) E Q) Niwaxy-R)

     Born:  Africa 80,000 BC


 "Child(ren)":       M mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   N mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   L3 mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   M (India : Asia : Ethiopia)   ;   E (Borneo : Formosan)   ;  poss.   Q (Melanesia) mtdna-Haplogroup
 poss. "Partner(s)":       M mtdna-macroHaplogroup
________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
- L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- Mitochondrial Eve
/-- Ardipithecus kadabba   +====> [ 17]
/-- Ardepithecus ramidus
/-- Australopithecus anamensis
/-- Australopithecus afarensis
/-- Australopithecus africanus
/-- Australopithecus sediba
/   | or: poss. Australopithecus garhi
/-- Genus Homo (H. habilis)
/-- Homo ergaster  (2.4 M BC - 1.5 M BC)
/-- Homo antecessor  (1.1 M BC - 800,000 BC)
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens  (120,000 BC - ?)
\-- (NN) ... (NN)
| ( many missing generations)
 


 
  (poss.) ``Grandchildren:''       Ethnic groups of Borneo   ;   Ethnic groups of South America   ;   Ethnic groups of Mongols   ;   Ethnic groups of N.E. Asia   ;   (Miss) of prehistory   ;   (Miss) of prehistory   ;   Indian mtdna-Haplogroups   ;   Evenks woman   ;   Ethnic groups of North America   ;   Itelmen (G2a) mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   Ethnic groups of New Guinea   ;   A2 mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   (slight) I mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   P mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   B mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   U-K mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   J-T mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   pre-H-V mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   R mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   F mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   Ethnic groups of Australia   ;   Ethnic groups of Ainu (Japan)   ;   Gilyak (Nivkh) woman
 

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