The PEDIGREE of
Ethnic groups of North Indians

________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens   +====> [ 28]
/-- (NN) ... (NN)
/   | ( very many missing generations)
/-- Adam of Y-chromosome
/-- B-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M42 M94 M139)
/-- C-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M168 P9)
/-- C-F y-Haplogroup clade (P143)
/-- F-T y-ParaHaplogroup (P14 M89 M213)
/-- I-J-K y-ParaHaplogroup  (47,000 BC)
/-- K-T y-ParaHaplogroup (M9)  (46,500 BC )
/-- P-R y-ParaHaplogroup (M45)
/-- R y-Haplogroup (M207 M306)
/-- R1 y-Haplogroup (M173)  (28,500 BC - 23,000 BC)
/-- R1a y-Haplogroup (SRY1532)  (23,000 BC - 15,000 BC)
/-- R1a1 y-Haplogroup (M17 M198)  (Central Asia 14,100 BC)
/-- prob.  Indo-Aryan 'Invaders'
/   | OR: Indian mixture of other y-Haplogroups   +====> [ 38]
- Ethnic groups of North Indians
\-- Indian mtdna-Haplogroups
\-- M mtdna-Haplogroup
| or: slight U and R mtdna-Haplogroups
\-- M mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 70k BC)
\-- L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup  (Africa 80k BC)
\-- L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- Mitochondrial Eve
/-- Australopithecus africanus   +====> [ 21]
/-- Australopithecus sediba
/-- Genus Homo (H. habilis)
/-- Homo ergaster
/-- Homo antecessor
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens  (120,000 BC - ?)
\-- (NN) ... (NN)
| ( many missing generations)
 

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