The PEDIGREE of
L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup

    Note: Modern science traces all uterine lineages back to a `Mitochondrial Eve'. Maps or pie-charts will give better info than this tree, but please advise if my tree is erroneous, misleading or incomplete.
 
    External page: Good on-line summary of early human diversification.


 "Child(ren)":       L2 mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   L3 mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   L4 & L5 & L6 & L7 (all rare African)   ;  poss.   Ethnic groups of Central Africa   ;   Ethnic groups of South Africa   ;   Ethnic groups of East Africa
 poss. "Partner(s)":       (NN) of prehistory   ;   (NN) of prehistory   ;   (NN) of prehistory       L3 mtdna-Haplogroup   ;   (slight) L3 mtdna-Haplogroup
________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
- L1 mtdna-macroHaplogroup
\-- Mitochondrial Eve
/-- prob.  Orrorin tugenensis   +====> [ 16]
/-- Ardipithecus kadabba
/-- Ardepithecus ramidus
/-- Australopithecus anamensis
/-- Australopithecus afarensis
/-- Australopithecus africanus
/-- Australopithecus sediba
/   | or: poss. Australopithecus garhi
/-- Genus Homo (H. habilis)
/-- Homo ergaster  (2.4 M BC - 1.5 M BC)
/-- Homo antecessor  (1.1 M BC - 800,000 BC)
/   | (skip this generation?)
/-- Homo heidelbergensis  (800,000 BC - 200,000 BC)
/-- Homo sapiens idaltu  (200,000 BC - ?)
/-- Homo sapiens sapiens  (120,000 BC - ?)
\-- (NN) ... (NN)
| ( many missing generations)
 

 
  (poss.) ``Grandchildren:''       Ethnic groups of Central Africa   ;   Ethnic groups of East Africa   ;   M mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   N mtdna-macroHaplogroup   ;   L3 mtdna-Haplogroup
 

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